Friday, September 16, 2011

Indore Darshan

Indore
The City of Ahilyabai Holkar ("Mini Bombay") [1]
—  metropolitan area  —

Rajwada:-
 IndoreLocation of Indore
in Madhya Pradesh and India
Coordinates 22°25'N 75°32'E? / ?22.42°N 75.54°E? / 22.42; 75.54Coordinates: 22°25'N 75°32'E? / ?22.42°N 75.54°E? / 22.42; 75.54
Country India
Region Malwa
State Madhya Pradesh
District(s) Indore District
Population
• Density
 19,91,000[2] (2011[update])
• 9,718 /km2 (25,170 /sq mi)

Sex ratio 0.920 ?/?
Literacy 77.00[3]% 
Official languages Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
• Elevation
• Coastline
 3,898 square kilometres (1,505 sq mi)[4]
• 553 metres (1,814 ft)
• 0 kilometres (0 mi)

Climate
• Precipitation
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter
 Cfa (K√∂ppen)
•      945 mm (37.2 in)
•      38.0 °C (100.4 °F)
•      44 °C (111 °F)
•      24 °C (75 °F)

Distance(s)[show]
• From New Delhi • 665.5 kilometres (413.5 mi) NE (land)
• From Mumbai • 522.8 kilometres (324.9 mi) SW (land)
• From Chennai • 1,164 kilometres (723 mi) E (land)
• From Kolkata • 1,284 kilometres (798 mi) (land)

Codes[show]
• Pincode • 4520xx
• Telephone • +0731
• UN/LOCODE • INIDR
• Vehicle • MP-09











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About indore

1 Etymology
2 History
3 Geography
4 Climate
5 Civic Administration
6 Demographics
7 Transport
7.1 Air
7.2 Rail
7.3 Road
7.4 Local Transport
8 Economy
9 Education
10 Media
10.1 Arts and theater
10.2 Electronic media
10.3 Print media
11 Sports
12 Culture
12.1 Food
12.2 Main festivals
13 Places of interest
14 Gallery
15 See also
16 References
17 Further reading
18 External links

City Attractions

Places see in indore

Lalbagh Palace , Rajwada,  Krishnapura Chhatries,  Chidia Ghar (Zoo) , Indore Museum, 
Kanch Mandir,  Khajrana  ,Meghdoot Upawan , Gomatgiri ,Nehru Park,Bada Ganapati, Gandhi Hall,  Annapurna Mandir,  Bijasen Tekri,Geeta Bhawan,  Gopal mandir,  Rajasthani villages,  Deoguradia ,  


Nearby Attractions :

Ujjain | Mandu | Dewas | Omkareshwar | Maheshwar | Patal Pani |

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Lalbagh Palace:         

The Lalbagh Palace of the Holkars on the banks of the Khan river is one of the grandest monuments the Holkar dynasty left to Indore city. A reflection of their taste, grandeur and life style, its construction began in 1886 under Tukoji Rao Holkar II, and was carried out in three phases, the final phase completed in 1921 under Tukoji Rao Holkar III. It is a blend of the baroque and renaissance styles, and in its days was one of the most elegant residences in India. It is being developed by the Government of Madhya Pradesh as a cultural centre. The main attraction are the splendidly proportioned and furnished rooms, with frescoed ceilings and guilded ornamental mouldings. The architecture and decoration of this palace, inhabited by the Holkars till 1978 reflect the highly westernized aesthetic sensibility of the later Holkars. Tukojirao III was the last incumbent of this magnificent palace. The whole complex has a total area of 28 acres and at one time had one of the best rose gardens of the country.
Though simple to look from outside, the magnificent interior takes one into a dreamland of past glory. Lavishly decorated in the style of Varsailles Palace, its italian marble columns, grand chandeliers, rich persian carpets, flying nymphs on the ceiling, Belgium stained glass windows, Greek mythological reliefs, Italian style wall paintings, stuffed leopards and tigers are breathtaking. The ballroom has wooden floor on springs for extra bounce. The kitchen was built on the opposite bank of the river and was connected to the palace by a well lighted underground tunnel. The imposing gates of the palace are unique in Asia. A replica of the gates of Buckingham palace (London), about twice their size , were moulded in cast iron and shipped from England. They carry the Holkar state emblem which means "He who tries will succeed".
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Kanch Mandir:


The Kanch Mandir (Glass Temple) which is a jain mandir (temple) is a marvel in glass. This temple was built by the "Cotton King" Sir Hukamchand Seth in the early 20th century. The walls, ceiling, floor, pillars, doors are entirely inlaid with glass. The mirrorwork reflects minute detailing. There are paintings done in coloured glass which depict stories from Jain scriptures. At the top is a special glass chamber which multiplies the three statues of Lord Mahavir installed there, into an infinite number.

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Krishnapura Chhatris:  

The Krishnapura Chhatris: These are exquisite cenotaphs of the three later Holkar rulers. These memorials in stone are gracefully poised on the banks of the Khan river with their pyramidal spires tapering into soaring kalashas. These are memorials built on the cremation spots of the Holkar rulers of Indore. Facing west is the cenotaph built over the ashes of another woman ruler of Malwa, Maharani Krishnabai. The other two Chhatris are of Tukoji Rao II and Shivaji Rao, father and son, and are linked by a common oblong prayer hall with ornately carved arches and pillars on a high platform along the garbha grihas containing life size statues of these rulers. A breathtaking sight at night when illuminated, the Chhatris glow etherally against the dark of the sky. An artificial lake is created in this stretch of the otherwise dry Khan river, complete with a fountain, well laid gardens on both banks and boating facility.

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Rajwada (Holkar Palace):  

The Holkar Palace (Rajwada) is close to the Chhatris, in the main square in the heart of the city. It is a seven storied building (only facade remains) built over two centuries ago. This historic palace of the Holkars is built in a mixture of Maratha, Mughal and French style. The gopura-like monumental stone and wood structure, flanked by bastions and studded with balconies and windows, is a testimony of the past grandeur of the Holkars. Its lofty entrance archway above a huge wooden door encrusted with iron studs, leads into a vast courtyard enclosed by galleried rooms, and the arcaded Ganesh Hall where state and religious functions were once held. It is now used for art exhibitions and classical music concerts. The lower three floors are made of stone and the upper floors are made of wood, which made it very vulnurable to destruction by fire. Rajwada was burnt three times in its history, and the last one in 1984 was the most devastating. The charred rubble of the rear portion has now given way to a symmetrically laid out garden featuring fountains, an artificial waterfall and some superb pieces of eleventh century sculpture.

Bada Ganapati: 
Bada Ganapati: Better known for its size than antiquity, this temple houses perhaps the largest Ganesh idol in the world, measuring 25 ft. from crown to foot. Created as a result of a dream to an Avantika (Ujjain) resident Shri Dadhich, it was built in 1875. The idol has a most interesting configuration of ingredients: bricks, lime stone, masala made of Gud, methi dana, soil collected from seven moksha puris: Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, and Dwaraka, mud from stables of horse, elephant and cow, the powder of Pancharatna : heera, panna, moti, manek and pukhraj (diamond, emerald, pearl, ruby and topaz) and the holy water from all major places of pilgrimage. The metalic frame is of gold, silver, copper, brass and iron.
Khajrana: 
Khajrana: Many citizens of Indore have a great faith in this Ganesh temple made by Ahilya Bai. They believe that praying here fulfils one's wishes. Nearby is the dargah of Nahar Sayed. It is believed that his headless body is buried here. This is an important pilgrimage place of Naita Muslims.
Geeta Bhawan: 
Geeta Bhavan: Newly built, adorned with many statues of Gods of various religions. It is open to all, irrespective of caste, creed, religion etc., with provision for devouts to pray separately. Central hall is decorated with wall paintings from Puranas, Ramayan, Mahabharat, and is used for religious descourses - Pravachans. Book stores within the premises sell religious books.
Mahatma Gandhi Hall: 
Mahatma Gandhi Hall: This is one of the prettiest buildings in Indore. Built in 1904 and originally named as King Edward Hall, was renamed as Mahatma Gandhi Hall in 1948. This Indo-gothic structure is made in seoni stone and its domes and steeples are a landmark of Indore city. It has a clock tower in front, due to which it is also known locally as Ghanta Ghar. The central hall has a capacity for 2000 people and is frequently the venue of book / painting exhibitions, sales, and fairs throughout the year.
Gopal Mandir : 
Gopal mandir: This is a Krishna temple built by Krishna Bai Holkar in 1832. Situated on the right wing of the Rajwada, it has a big central hall with stupendous pillars bearing a massive roof which is elaborately decorated. Its systen of lighting in the form of huge glass chandeliers is eye catching.
Indore Museum: 
Indore Museum : The Indore museum houses the finest collection of Parmar sculptures from Hinglajgarh. The Parmar style originated here and and is characterized by proportionated figures, carefully and ornately depicted in stone. The museum is also known for its collection of coins, arms and armours.
Nehru Park: 
Nehru Park: This is the oldest and most centrally located park in Indore. Built by the Britons as Biscow Park, it was open to only British in the pre independence days. It was renamed as Nehru Park after independence. It has a variety of roses, library, swiming pool, children's hobby centre etc. It also operates miniature train to ride around the park. It also has battery operated cars.
Meghdoot Upavan: 
Meghdoot Upavan: Newest and the largest of the gardens situated on the outskirts of the city, about four kilometers from Palasia. It has sprawling lawns, lighted fountains, dancing fountains, landscaped gardens. It has been extensively renovated in 2000-01. There is an amusement park Mangal Merry Landadjacent to it. Ice cream parlours, milk parlours, Chaat gali are on the outside.
Annapurna Mandir: 
Annapurna Mandir: Inspired by the Meenakshi temple of Madurai, four life size elephants hold an ornately decorative gate in plaster. Inside the complex, apart from the main temple of Annapurna Devi are also temples of Shiva, Kal Bhairav, and Hanuman. There is also a pravachan hall. The outer wall of the main temple is decorated with colourful reliefs from mythological stories.
Kamala Nehru Park (Zoo): 

Kamala Nehru Park (Zoo) : More popularly known as Chidiya Ghar, it combines the pleasure of a park and zoo on a modest, easy reachable area. Evening attractions include elephant rides, camel rides, pony rides, goat cart and buggy rides (mostly for kids). It has a restaurant and an ice cream parlour overlooking the Khan river. There is a children's playground at the far end of the park.
Gomat Giri: 

Gomatgiri: In 1981, the M.P. government donated a hillock to the Jain Samaj, who constructed a 21 feet statue of Gomateshwar, a replica of the Bahubali statue of Shrawanbegola. Also built are 24 marble temples with shikars, for each Tirthankar. Gomatgiri is approached by a lovely picturesque drive 10 minutes from the city airport. It also has a guest house, a dharamshala and a restaurant.
Bijasen Tekri: 
Bijasen Tekri: This hillock (tekri) has a small temple of Bijasen Mata, built in 1920. Mela is held here during Navaratri. This place is two minutes drive from the airport and about nine kms from the railway station. From this hill, one gets a magnificent view of the sunset and a breathtaking view of city at night. Perched on top of the hill was a guest house of the Holkars, now converted into a Border Security Force Arms Museum. Surrounding area is being developed into gardens with a small lake.
Deoguradia: 

Deoguradia: In a small picturesque village of Deoguradia, 8 kms from Indore, on Nemawar road, stands the monolithic rock temple built in 7th century and redone in 18th century by Ahilya Bai Holkar. Also known as Garuda Tirth, it has a water outlet in the shape of of Gomukh from which water flows out almost as in Abhishek. The original Shivalinga is 12 ft under water in a sunken temple above which the present temple is constructed. On every Shivratri, a fair is held in honour of the diety - Shri Gutkeshwar Mahadeo.
For the garments, Chhappan Bazar and Sarafa are places to visit. Chhappan Bazar has many shops selling mouthwatering "Chaat" and related stuff. Sarafa, which as the name suggests, is a jewelry market during day time. But at night, when the jewelry shops close, the place is magically transformed into a large indian fast food centre selling rabri, rasmalai, kulfi, and an amazing array of vegetarian snack foods and namkeens. This narrow mile long road (close to Rajwada) is packed with people through most of the night and has a carnival atmosphere.
Nakhrali / Chokhi Dhani 

This is a new concept in entertainment which is fast catching roots in Indore. These are sort of heritage villages with rustic Rajasthani atmosphere. There are camel / horse / goat / bullock rides, train ride, puppet show, magic show, monkey show, bioscope, etc for the kids in addition to boating facility, rajasthani dance cum entertainment show, a public dance hall (disko!) etc. There is also a spacious indian style dining hall where hot, tasty meals are served. The whole area is nicely landscaped and kept clean and well maintained. Open full day on week ends and in the evening till night on working days. There are currently two such villages, Nakhrali Dhani at Rau in the souther suburb and Chokkhi Dhani on Khandwa road in the eastern suburb. These provide a very good means of family outing in the evenings.

FAMOUS INSTITUTIONS

UNIVERSITY and Affiliated Instituions 
Indore University (Devi Ahilya Vishwa Vidhyalaya) established in 1964. 
International Institute of Professional Studies (IIPS) is a new institute under DAVV for advanced professional studies 

ENGINEERING / TECHNICAL INSTITUTES 
Sri Govindram Saxeria Institute of Technology and Science (SGSITS) is a premierEngineering College in the city.
(B.E., M.E., M.Tech., M.Sc., B.Pharma, Part Time Degree Course)
23, park road, Indore, Ph. 91-731-541567, 548760

Devi Ahilya University Engg. College, Khandwa Road, Indore (B.E.)
Institute of Engineering & Technology New Campus,
Opp. Soyabean Research Center, Khandwa Road 764385, 283619 
Shri Vaishnav Institute of Technology & Science, gram Baroli, Sanwer Road, Post Palia, Indore (B.E.)
Ph. 91-731-924-24371&75, City Office: 177, South Rajmohalla, Indore, Ph. 91-731-362669 
Govt. Women's Polytechnic College Rajendra Nagar (489875) Diploma in Engineering 
School of Energy and Environmental Studies University Campus, Khandwa Road Ph. 462366, 402359...... [M.Tech. (Energy Management), Ph.D. (Energy & Environment), Diploma in Energy Management ] 
School of Future Studies University Campus, Khandwa Road Ph.470330 ....................................... (M.Tech.,M.S.S.T.C. ) 
Shri Vaishnav Polytechnic, Mhow Naka , Indore, Ph. 91-731-380827 (Diplomas in Engineering) 

MEDICAL COLLEGES 
Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College AB Road, Indore.: One of the Best Medical Colleges of India. (M.B.B.S., M.D., M.S. ) 
Dental College, MY Road, Indore (B.D.S., M.D.S.) 
Devi Ahilya Electro Homeopathy & Para medical Institute, 32, Jaora Compound, Indore, Ph. 91-731-462019 (B.E.M.S., D.M.L.T., Certificate courses on ECG & X-ray) 
Govt. Ashtang Ayurvedic College R.T.O. road Ph.471767 
Adarsh Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Bargal Complex, Palsikar Chouraha, Indore, Ph. 91-731-366862 D.M.L.T., PGDMLT - One year diploma courses for Lab Technician 
Rajeev Gandhi Homeopathy College Bhanwarkua Road Ph. 762265 (D.H.B. ) 
Govt. Nursing College CRP Lines, Opp. Chacha Nehru Children Hospital Ph.528650 

MANAGEMENT INSTITUTES 
Indian Institute of Management, Indore The sixth IIM in India. 
Institute of Management Studies Khandwa Road, University Campus 466687, 467527, 476687 (M.B.A.,D.M.M.,M.F.A., D.B.A. ) 
Indore Institute of Technology and Management ,23 Nehru Park Road (542312) ........................................... (M.B.A. ) 
Shri Vaishnav Institute of Managment and Science Gumasta nagar scheme no. 71 (482740) (M.B.A.,M.C.M.,M.F.A., M.A.P.R.M) 
IPS Academy Rajendra Nagar near Rao road (482764) ............................................. (B.B.A.,B.C.A.,M.B.A.,M.C.A. ) 
Prestige Institute of Management and Research Center Plot no. 2, Scheme no. 54 (554274)............ (B.B.A.,M.B.A. ) 
Pioneer Institute: Teaches management and employment related topics. ............................... (B.C.A.,B.B.A.,M.I.B. ) 


RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS 
Choithram Hospital and Research Centre (CHRC) carries out research in medicine including use of Lasers in surgical and nonsurgical treatment, in collaboration with the Cenre for Advanced Technology. 
Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT), a new high technology branch of the Department of Atomic Energy laboratory chains, is situated on the outskirts of the city at Rajendra Nagar. 
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MORE INFORMATION

11.Sports
Indore has 2 stadiums, Nehru Stadium and Holkar Cricket Stadium.[27]
12. Culture
Indore was included in the Guinness Book of World Records[28] for holding the largest tea party in the world.

Gurudwara LIG Circle[edit] Food
Indore has a wide variety of Namkeens, Poha & Jalebi, Chaats (snacks), Kachoris and Samosas, cuisines of various types in different restaurants, and Bengali, Muslim, Rajasthani, continental and confectionery sweets, as well as dishes such as Dal-Bafla, Nihari Gosht and Bafla-Gosht.

A. Main festivals
All national festivals like Holi, Rangpanchmi, Baisakhi, Raksha Bandhan, Navratri,Durga puja, Dussehra, Ganeshotsav, Deepavali, Ramzan, Gudi Padwa, Bhaubeej, Eid,[disambiguation needed] Christmas and other others like Nagpanchmi, Ahilya Utsav, are celebrated with equal enthusiasm.

B. Places of interest
Deoguradia - The monolithic rock temple built in 7th century. The original Shivalinga is 12 ft under water in a sunken temple above which the present temple is constructed.[29]
Bapna Statue - Sir Siremal Bapna's statue right opposite MY Hospital in Indore adjacent to Jaora Compound.
ISKCON - Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple, Hare Krishna Movement in Nipaniya Village, MR 10, Devas Bypass Road.
Gomat Giri - A Jain temple with a 21 feet statue of Gomateshwara, a replica of the Bahubali statue of Shravanabelagola. Along with 24 marble temples with shikhars, for each Tirthankar.[30]
Lal Bagh Palace - A palace spread across 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land. It is now a museum with artefacts of the Holkar era.
Rajwada - A seven-storey palace built during the Holkar era.
The Indore museum houses a collection of Parmar sculptures from Hinglajgarh [31]
Venkatesh Temple - Famous temple of Lord Venkateshwara in Central India which abides Largest Chariot Ceremony ( Rathyatra ) of Cental India.
13. Gallery
Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple, ISKCON Indore.
The Rajwada Palace of Indore
Bolia Maharaj Ki Chhatri
Krishnapura Chhatri.
Krishnapura Chhatri
Sculptures on Krishnapura Chhatri
Krishnapura Chhatri from inside
Carvings at Krishnapura Chhatri
Carved Pillars of Krishnapura Chhatri
Sculptures on Krishnapura Chhatri
Vijay Balla, signed by captain CK Naidu, Vijay Hazare and team after team victory over Australia.
Treasure Island Mall, First in Madhya Pradesh
Khan River. Krishnapura Chhatri in background
14. See also
Bijalpur
Rau
Mhow
Kshipra
Dewas
Ujjain
Rangwasa
Manpur, Indore
Betma
Burhanpur
Omkareshwar
Mandu
Maheshwar
Pithampur

10. Media

A. Arts and theater
Ravindra Natya Grah, Abhivyakti Centre of Fine Arts & Performing Arts, Deolalikar Kala Vithika are located in the city. There are also various cultural clubs like Sanand Nyas,Ras Bharati, Kala Abhivyakti, Yeshwant Club and Sayaji Club.

B. Electronic media
The radio industry has expanded with a number of private and government owned FM channels being introduced. The FM radio channels that broadcast in the city include AIR Vividh Bharathi FM (101.6 MHz), Radio Mirchi FM (98.3 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), My FM (94.3 MHz) and AIR Gyan Vani FM (105.6 MHz). State-owned Doordarshan transmits two terrestrial television channels. Apart from these few local broadcasting stations also exist.

C. Print media
There are about 19 Hindi dailies, two English dailies, 26 weeklies and monthlies, 3 quarterlies, 1 Bi-monthly Magazine and one annual paper published from the city.[26] The major Hindi dailies include the :- Raj Express, Nai Dunia, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Patrika, BPN Times, Agnibaan, & PrabhatKiran. The major English dailies are The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Free Press, Business Standard & The Economic Times.
Indore is covered by a large network of optical fibre cables. There are three fixed telephone line operators in the city: BSNL, Reliance and Airtel. There are eight mobile phone companies in which GSM players include BSNL, Reliance, Vodafone, Idea, Airtel, Aircel, Tata DoCoMo, Videocon Mobile Service while CDMA services offered by BSNL, Virgin Mobile, Tata Indicom, and Reliance.

10. Media

A. Arts and theater
Ravindra Natya Grah, Abhivyakti Centre of Fine Arts & Performing Arts, Deolalikar Kala Vithika are located in the city. There are also various cultural clubs like Sanand Nyas,Ras Bharati, Kala Abhivyakti, Yeshwant Club and Sayaji Club.

B. Electronic media
The radio industry has expanded with a number of private and government owned FM channels being introduced. The FM radio channels that broadcast in the city include AIR Vividh Bharathi FM (101.6 MHz), Radio Mirchi FM (98.3 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), My FM (94.3 MHz) and AIR Gyan Vani FM (105.6 MHz). State-owned Doordarshan transmits two terrestrial television channels. Apart from these few local broadcasting stations also exist.

C. Print media
There are about 19 Hindi dailies, two English dailies, 26 weeklies and monthlies, 3 quarterlies, 1 Bi-monthly Magazine and one annual paper published from the city.[26] The major Hindi dailies include the :- Raj Express, Nai Dunia, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Patrika, BPN Times, Agnibaan, & PrabhatKiran. The major English dailies are The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Free Press, Business Standard & The Economic Times.
Indore is covered by a large network of optical fibre cables. There are three fixed telephone line operators in the city: BSNL, Reliance and Airtel. There are eight mobile phone companies in which GSM players include BSNL, Reliance, Vodafone, Idea, Airtel, Aircel, Tata DoCoMo, Videocon Mobile Service while CDMA services offered by BSNL, Virgin Mobile, Tata Indicom, and Reliance.

9. Education

Daly College, IndoreMain article: Education in Indore
Home to a range of colleges and schools, Indore has a large student population. Most primary and secondary schools in Indore are affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE); however, a number of schools have affiliation with ICSE board, NIOS board and the state level M.P. Board.
Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya (DAVV) offers courses in more than 20 fields which include law, pharmacy and management at both graduate and postgraduate level.
Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College & Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute of Technology and Sciences offers courses in medical sciences & engineering.
Indore is the only city in India to have an Indian Institute of Management and an Indian Institute of Technology.

8. Economy

Indore is the commercial capital of Madhya Pradesh with a bulk of its trade coming from Small, Mid and Large scale manufacturing & service industries. These industries range from Automobile to Pharmaceutical and from Software to Retail and from Textile trading to Real estate . Major industrial areas surrounding the city include the Pithampur Special Economic Zone and the Sanwer Industrial belt. Pithampur is also known as the Detroit of India.[23][24]
While the Textile manufacturing and Trading is the oldest business to contribute to economy, the Real Estate has emerged very fast in past few years. National Real Estate Players DLF Limited,Omaxe,Sahara, Parsvnath, Ansal API, Emaar MGF have already launched their residential projects in Indore. These projects are generally on the Indore bypass.This road also houses the projects of many local and regional Real estate players like Silver spring, Kalindi etc.
Major Software firms in Indore includes Impetus and Computer Science Corporation CSC.Also many small and medium size Software Development firms are also established. In the software front a major event occurred in the first half of 2011 when India's biggest software company Tata Consultancy Services decided to open a campus in Indore. Government of MP has also done the land allotment. [25]
Pithampur near Indore houses production plants of various Pharmaceutical companies like Ipca Laboratories,Cipla,Lupin,Glenmark,Unichem.

7. Transport

Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport
Indore City Bus[edit] Air
Indore is served by the Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport. Indore airport is about 8 km from the city and currently handles only domestic traffic. The new terminals are presently under construction, as the airport is expanding. The airport has been operating services by Indian Airlines, Jet Airways Konnect, Jet Lite, Kingfisher Red, IndiGo. Indore has a direct connectivity to major cities of India like Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Mumbai, Nagpur, New Delhi, Pune, Raipur and Srinagar, .[22]

A. Rail
The City Railway Division comes under Ratlam Division of the Western Railways. Indore Junction BG is the main and terminal station on the broad gauge line connecting it to the rest of the country. In the Railway budget of 2009 Indore main railway station was listed for upgrade along with other 300 stations across India. Indore is one of the several places in India with both meter gauge and broad gauge railways operational. Regular train services connect Indore to most parts of the country. Electrification of the Indore - Dewas - Ujjain is currently underway.
Indore lies on the Ratlam and Akola metre gauge railway line, the longest remaining functional meter gauge line in India. This section is scheduled for conversion to standard broad gauge under Indian Railways' projected Unigauge system.

B. Road
Indore is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major national highways passing through the city are:
National Highway No. 3 (NH3 - Agra Bombay)
National Highway No. 59 (NH 59 - Indore Ahmedabad)
National Highway No. 59A (Indore - Betul - Nagpur connecting NH 69 )
The Mumbai- Indore section of the National Highway No. 3 and the Ahmedabad - Indore section of the National Highway No. 59 are undergoing multi laning under the NHDP program. Other important regional highways are:
State Highway No. 27 (Indore to Burhanpur)
State Highway No. 34 (Indore to Jhansi)
C. Local Transport

Metro Taxi in IndoreIndore has a public transport system. Atal Indore City Transport Services Ltd, a PPP scheme operates buses and radio taxis in the city. The buses - designated as City Bus today operate on 36 Routes, with around 170 bus stop stations. The buses are color coded according to their route. Some of these buses are also equipped with services like GPS and IVR (around 300) which are used to track the position of the bus with information displayed on LED displays installed on the bus stops. Local transport also includes Auto rickshaw, Van and Local City Ride Buses called Nagar Seva. Many cab services have recently started serving the city, like Metro taxi, City cabs. The major bus terminals are Sarwate bus terminal, Gangwal bus terminal, Navlakha bus stand .

6. Demographics

Indore's total population as per the provisional population data for census 2011 is reported to be 19,91,000.
Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.[20]
As per 2001 census, the city of Indore has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy was 75%, and Female literacy was 64% [21] In Indore, 12.72% of the population is under 6 years of age (as per census 2001).[20] The average annual growth rate of population is around 2.85% as per the statistics of census 2001. Hindi is the main language spoken here with Marathi and Malwi spoken as well.[citation needed]

5. Civic Administration

Indore is administered by the Indore Municipal Corporation.
Some of the regions surrounding the city are administered by the Indore Development Authority (IDA). The IMC was established in 1956 under the Madhya Pradesh Nagar Palika Nigam Adhiniyam. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into 69 wards. These wards have been further divided into 11 zones.
The main institution involved in planning and development in Indore is IDA. The jurisdiction of this agency is demarcated clearly not only physically but also functionally. The principal responsibility of IDA is to ensure a holistic development of the Indore agglomeration covering an area of 9.718 km² as per Master plans.[18][19]
The corporators are elected from each ward, who in turn elect a mayor. The mayor is responsible for the day-to-day running of the city services, municipal school board, the city bus service, the municipal hospital and the city library. Executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner, who is an IAS officer appointed by the Madhya Pradesh state government. The Indore City Police are headed by a Inspector General, an IPS officer.

4. Climate

Indore has a transitional climate between a tropical wet and dry climate and a humid subtropical climate. Three distinct seasons are observed: summer, monsoon and winter.
Summers start in mid-March and can be extremely hot in April and May. The daytime temperatures can touch 40°C on more than one occasion. Average summer temperature may go as high as 36–39 °C (100.4 °F) but humidity is very low.
Winters are moderate and usually dry. Lower temperatures can go as low as 4°C-6°C on some nights. Usually the temperature ranges between 26°C-30°C during winters.
Rains are due to southwest monsoons. The typical monsoon season goes from June 15 till mid-September, contributing 32-35 inches of annual rains. 95% of rains occur during monsoon season.
Overall, the climate of Indore is quite pleasant. As the temperature of the evening and night is quite soothing, irrespective of the temperature of the day.
Indore gets moderate rainfall of 35 to 38 inches (890 to 970 mm) during July–September due to the southwest monsoon.
[hide]Climate data for Indore
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7) 28.8
(83.8) 34.3
(93.7) 38.7
(101.7) 40.4
(104.7) 36.2
(97.2) 30.3
(86.5) 28.2
(82.8) 30.9
(87.6) 32.4
(90.3) 29.7
(85.5) 26.9
(80.4) 31.94
(89.5)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6) 11.4
(52.5) 16.2
(61.2) 21.2
(70.2) 24.4
(75.9) 24.1
(75.4) 22.6
(72.7) 21.9
(71.4) 21.1
(70) 18.1
(64.6) 13.9
(57) 10.6
(51.1) 17.94
(64.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.16) 3
(0.12) 1
(0.04) 3
(0.12) 11
(0.43) 136
(5.35) 279
(10.98) 360
(14.17) 185
(7.28) 52
(2.05) 21
(0.83) 7
(0.28) 1,062
(41.81)
Avg. precipitation days 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.8 8.6 15.9 18.3 8.6 3.1 1.4 0.6 60.5
Sunshine hours 288.3 274.4 288.3 306.0 325.5 210.0 105.4 80.6 180.0 269.7 273.0 282.1 2,883.3
Source: HKO

1 Etymology 2 History 3Geography

1.Etymology
Theories explaining the origins and etymology behind Indore's name differ. Formerly, the city of Indore was known by many different names. The first expected name of the city was Indreshwar which was named after the Indreshwar Temple in the city. The present name, Indore, originated from the Indreshwar temple constructed in 1741 by Ved Manuj.
2. History
The founders of Indore were the ancestors of the present zamindars of the region which spread from the banks of Narmada to the borders of Rajputana. Their headquarters were at a village called Kampel. In Mughal times, the founders of these families received the title of Chaudhari, which established their claim to the land. In the 18th century, the control of Malwa passed to the Peshwa clan, and the Chaudharis came to be known as "Mandloi"s (derived from Mandals meaning districts). The Holkars conferred the title of Rao Raja upon the family.[7] The family retained its possessions of royalty, which included having an elephant, Nishan, Danka and Gadi even after the advent of Holkars and also retained the right of performing the first puja of Dushera (Shami Pujan) before the Holkar rulers.
Under Mughal rule, the family enjoyed great influence and was accorded confirmatory sanads by the Emperors Aurangzeb, Alamgir, and Farukhshayar, confirming their 'Jagir' rights. Rao Nandlal Chaudhary Zamindar, upon visiting the court of Delhi, received a special place in the emperor’s court along with two jewel studded swords (now on display in the Royal British Museum under the family's name) and confirmatory sanads. Raja Savai Jai singh of Jaipur, a personal friend of his, gifted him with a special "Gold Langar" which guaranteed a special place to him in all the Durbars of India. The family’s respectability and influence over Malwa was instrumental in the ascent of the Peshwas and Holkars to rulership of this region.
Rao Nandlal Chaudhary, the founder of Indore, was the Chief Zamindar (landlord), and had an army of 2000 soldiers. In 1713, Nizam was appointed as the controller of the Deccan plateau area, which renewed the struggle between the Marathas and the Mughals.
While visiting the temple of Indreshwar near the banks of river Saraswati, Rao Nandlal found the location to be safe and strategically located, being surrounded by rivers on all sides. He started moving his people in, and constructed the fort of Shree Sansthan Bada Rawala to protect them from harassment by Mughals. The city was named Indrapur (after Lord Indreshwar), and eventually came to be known as Indore.
Baji Rao Peshwa finally took control of Malwa in 1733 A.D. Malhar Rao Holkar was one of the four signatories who guaranteed the proper fulfillment of the conditions.[8] Upon victory the Peshwas appointed Malhar Rao Holkar as a “Subhedar”, which marked the beginning of Holkars' reign in Malwa.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
Thus, Indore came to be ruled by the Maratha Maharajas of the Holkar dynasty. The dynasty's founder, Malhar Rao Holkar, (1694–1766), was granted control of Malwa Maratha armies in 1724, and in 1733, was installed as the Maratha governor of the region. By the end of his reign, the Holkar state was de facto independent. He was succeeded by his daughter-in-law Ahilyabai Holkar who ruled from 1767 to 1795. She ruled from a palace-fort at Maheshwar, south of Indore on the Narmada River. Ahilyabai Holkar was an architectural patron who donated money for the construction of Hindu temples across India. In 1818, the Holkars were defeated by the British in the Third Anglo-Maratha War, and the Holkar kingdom became a part of the British Raj. As a result of this defeat in the Battle of Mahidpur, the treaty of Mandsaur was signed, through which the Cantonment town of Mhow was handed over to the British. The treaty also decreed that the capital of the Holkar state would shift from Maheshwar to Indore.
Indore is the 'karmbhumi' of Guru Radha Kishan. There are many respected names from the state who participated in the Indian freedom struggle but his simplicity, selflessness and complete insulation from material desire sets him apart from many others who held high offices in Independent India. His colleagues includes gandhian Prof. Mahesh Dutt Mishr, former Indore MP Homi F Dazi, painter Narayan Shridhar Bendre, freedom fighters Vinayakrao Sahasrbude, Ramchandra Sarvate, Anant Laagu and Padma Vibhushan Vinayak Sarvate.
After India's independence in 1947, Indore, along with a number of neighbouring princely states, became part of the Indian state of Madhya Bharat. Indore was designated the summer capital of this newly created state. On November 1, 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh and Bhopal was chosen as the capital. The city palace was the seat of administration of the rulers of the Malwa region – The Holkars (26 May 1728 to 20 April 1948).
See also: Malwa
3. Geography
Indore is located in the western region of Madhya Pradesh, on the southern edge of the Malwa plateau, on the Saraswati and Khan rivers, which are tributaries of the Shipra River.
Indore has an average elevation of 553 meter above mean sea level. It is located on an elevated plain, with the Vindhyas range to the south.









ABOUT INDORE

1 Etymology
2 History
3 Geography
4 Climate
5 Civic Administration
6 Demographics
7 Transport
7.1 Air
7.2 Rail
7.3 Road
7.4 Local Transport
8 Economy
9 Education
10 Media
10.1 Arts and theater
10.2 Electronic media
10.3 Print media
11 Sports
12 Culture
12.1 Food
12.2 Main festivals
13 Places of interest
14 Gallery
15 See also
16 References
17 Further reading
18 External links